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A fabric is a flexible material formed as a result of networking of natural or synthetic fibres (thread or yarn) formed by weaving or knitting. In textile trade, the term fabric is often used as a synonym for cloth.

Fabric is formed from different types of fibres sourced from vegetables, animals, minerals, etc. These fibres are then processed into yarns, which are finally used for manufacturing different types of fabrics.

A variety of fabrics are manufactured either wholly from a particular fibre or blended with different fibres for obtaining certain required properties. Briefing below few main types of fabric:

Main Types of Fabric

Taffetas: This is another word for basic cloth, i.e., the simplest way of intertwining a warp and a weft yarn. This fabric is usually shiny, yarn-dyed and very fine-grained with a dry and rustling feel.

Poult and faille: Soft, thick taffetas with clear cross-wise ribs. They can be treated as moiré fabrics by crushing during finishing.

Crepes: A group of fabrics made up of yarns which have been highly twisted before weaving, giving the fabrics a particular appearance considerable suppleness. There are an enormous number of varieties of crepe, including crepe de Chine, Moroccan crepe, crepe georgette.

Chiffon, Organdie, Voile, Grenadine: A light, matt fabric made from fine twisted yarns, spaced out to make the fabric transparent. Silk toilles, pongees shantungs (heavy fabrics with an uneven grain) and tussah are also part of the taffeta group of fabrics.

Twills: The way in which the yarns are woven produces an effect of diagonal ribs and grooves. The main fabrics using this type of weave are the serges, surahs, diagonals, herringbone, diamond-shaped.

Satins: Fabrics which usually have a shiny look, and in which the points where the warp and the weft intersect are hidden, so that the fabric has a smooth, brilliant surface and seems to be made of yarns laid side-by-side. There is a wide range of satins: Duchess satins, Lyons satins, Double-faced radzimir satins, Satin crepes with a weft made from twisted yarns, Charmeuses (heavy satin crepes with a very soft feel).

Composite or Fancy Weaves:  These are various weaves combining the three above-mentioned types.

Reps, Regencies, Piques: Fabrics with straight vertical ribs.

Ottomans, Grosgrains, Fluted Fabrics: Fabrics with transverse ribs, of varying thickness.

Velvets: The luxurious fabric par excellence, characterized by yarns which are cut off at the same height, forming a surface resembling fur.

Pattern-weaves: The pattern-woven fabric carries a pattern which is created by the interplay of the warp and weft yarns. It is also called a jacquard fabric, and fabrics are known as jacquard taffeta, jacquard velvet etc.

Brocades and Lamés: In these fabrics, the pattern is partially or totally made up of gold and silver threads.
There are also damasks, quilted and eloqué fabrics. Furnishing fabrics: double damasks, lampas, brocades, jacquard velvet, etc.


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October 01,2010

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September 30,2010

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September 29,2010


MR TEXTILE reports regarding Textile and specially Cotton updates are very informative and highly reliable. We TEX LINK appreciate your reports and with keen interest we study your reports. We are handling Cotton Imports / Exports business and your reports gives us guidelines to asses market moves.
Looking forward for your reports.

Muhammad Awais Tariq.

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 LGW, Kolkata

The quality yarn supply by your company helped create a strong buyer base for us. We also appreciate your on-time delivery schedules.

Manish Kaushik
Indo-Industries, Mumbai

Thank you so much for sending Cotton Market Bulletin. This report is very useful, interesting and informative.

Best regards

We find your daily Cotton market report very informative and useful. We look forward to receive your Daily Cotton market report.

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Arun Kapoor
Mixwell International
Mumbai - India

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